Crochet Abbreviations
for U.S.

Crochet Abbreviations can be so confusing until you get used to seeing them. They can also be confusing after you've been crocheting for a few decades. To try and end some of the confusion I've added little notes to help you understand.

Example: frog  |  Taking your project apart.    

What sound does a frog make? Rip-it, Rip-it. Basically this means you are pulling your project (or a part of it) apart. UG!

I've been searching patterns and websites looking for as many crochet abbreviations as I can find. Below is the list I've come up with to date. If you find one that's not on this list, PLEASE send me note so I can update it.

Note: There are a few places I got a little silly. 

Click the button to the left to get a PDF copy of this list of crochet abbreviations.

Crochet Abbreviations: Symbols

Symbols used in Crochet Abbreviations.

[  ]

Work the instructions, inside the brackets, as many times as indicated. Crochet often has sections that repeat, creating a uniform pattern appearance throughout the work. This is designated between 2 marks of some kind, which will give the instruction to follow.

(  )

Work the instructions, inside the parentheses, as many times as indicated.

* or  **

Work the instructions, between the stars (asterisk), as many times as indicated.

"

Inch or Inches. Example: Gauge = 6 rows per 1”.

'

Foot or Feet. Example: 2' long.

Here are the letter crochet abbreviations.

Crochet Abbreviations: A - E

alt

Alternate. Often refers to working in alternate rows or alternate stitches.

approx

Approximate, Approximately.

beg

Begin or Beginning.

bet

Between.

BL or bl

Back Loops. In general a stitch usually has 2 threads on top and 1 below. Most of the time this refers to working into the back - top thread of the stitch. There are exceptions.

bpl

Back Loop Only (same as above).

BO

Bind Off. This is primarily a knitting term, however in the last few decades it’s been picked up by crocheters. To “bind off” you snip your yarn and pull it through the last loop on your hook. Remove your hook and pull it tight forming a sort of knot. 

bo

Bobble. This is the name of a stitch pattern. It has nothing to do with body order.

bp or BP

Back Post.

BPdc

Back Post Double Crochet. This means you work a double crochet stitch around the post, from the back. Not in the top of the stitch. Fold your work over slightly so you can work behind it - do not turn your work.

BPsc

Back Post Single Crochet. This means you work a single crochet stitch around the post, from the back. Not in the top of the stitch. Fold your work over slightly so you can work behind it - do not turn your work.

BPtc or BPtr

Back Post Triple (or Treble) Crochet. This means you work a triple (treble) crochet stitch around the post, from the back. Not in the top of the stitch. Fold your work over slightly so you can work behind it - do not turn your work.Triple or Treble Crochet is the same stitch.

CA or C-A

Color A. Most patterns will designate the colors they used by labeling them at the beginning. Example: C-A equals orange.

CB or C-B

Color B. Most patterns will designate the colors they used by labeling them at the beginning. Example: C-B equals white.

CC

Contrasting Color. Use a contrasting color. Example: MC equals white, CC equals purple.

C-C

Color C. Most patterns will designate the colors they used by labeling them at the beginning. Example: C-C equals black.

ch or CH

Chain or Chain Stitch. Singular Chain Stitches.

chs

Chains. Plural.

ch- or CH-

Chain or Space previously made. What? Example: Work the next 2 stitches in the ch-2 space. This often refers to something you did in the row before.

ch-sp or ch-space

Chain Space. If you chained 2 stitches and skipped 1 stitch below, you created a chain space.

ch-&t

Chain a certain number of stitches (as seen after the dash) and turn. You commonly see this at the beginning of a row or round. ch-2&t would equal Chain 2 stitches and Turn your work.

cl

Cluster. This refers to a type of stitch, a Cluster Stitch

cm

Centimeters. A length measurement.

cont

Continue or To Be Continued.

dbl

Double.

dc or DC

Double Crochet.

dc2tog

Double Crochet 2 Stitches Together. This was first used in knitting as knit or purl 2 together. In Crochet you would skip 1 stitch, working into the next one. Be careful when reading your pattern. The designer may want you to put 2 stitches on your hook and work them both together.

dec

Decrease, Decreases, Decreasing

dtr or dtc

Double Triple (or Treble) Crochet

est

Establish, Established

Crochet Abbreviations: F - L

fl or FL

Front Loop or Front Loops

flp

Front Loop Only

FO

Finished Object

foll

Follow, Follows, Following

FP

Front Post

FPdc

Front Post Double Crochet. This means you work a double crochet stitch around the post, with your work facing you. Not in the top of the stitch.

FPsc

Front Post Single Crochet. This means you work a single crochet stitch around the post, with your work facing you. Not in the top of the stitch.

FPtc or
FPtr

Front Post Triple (Treble) Crochet. This means you work triple (or treble) stitch around the post, with your work facing you. Not in the top of the stitch. Triple or Treble Crochet is the same stitch.

frog

Taking your project apart. What sound does a frog make? Rip-it, Rip-it. Basically this means you are pulling your project (or a part of it) apart. UG!

g

Gram. A gram is a weight measurement. This is often seen on skeins of yarn.

half dc or hdc

Half Double Crochet.

inc

Increase, Increases, Increasing. Example: Inc 2 in the next stitch.

incl

Include

lf

Left Front

lp or lp(s)

Loop or Loops

Crochet Abbreviations: M - R

m

Meter or Meters (also used for mesh). A length measurement often seen on a skein of yarn. If the abbreviation is for mesh, it would be the mesh stitch explained in the pattern.

M1 (M2)

Make One or Make Two. How many copies of the same thing you need to make.

MC

Main Color. Most crochet, that uses more than one color, has a main color with additional colors as accents.

meas

Measure, Measurement

mm

Millimeter or Millimeters. Example: Crochet Hook size I/9 - 5.5mm

opp

Opposite

oz

Ounce or Ounces. Refers to a weight measurement, often seen on a skein of yarn.

p or P

Picot. A picot is the name of a stitch.

pat or pat(s) or patt

Pattern or Patterns. This often refers to a stitch group that forms a pattern.

pc or PC

Popcorn. Popcorn is the name of a stitch. (This is not your Personal Computer.)

pm or PM

Place Marker. Use something to mark your place while you are crocheting.

prev or prv

Previous

rem

Remain or Remaining

rep

Repeat or Repeats

rev

Reverse or Reversed

rf

Right Front

rib

Ribbing. A stitch pattern that creates a finished (ribbed) end. As in a sweater cuff.

rnd or rnd(s)

Round or Rounds. I’ve always giggled when making a square, every time you complete a square ‘row’ it’s still called a round.

RS

Right Side. This side of your project that you want people to see.

rsc

Reverse Single Crochet. 

Crochet Abbreviations: S - Z

sc or SC

Single Crochet

sc2tog

Single Crochet 2 Stitches Together. This was first used in knitting. In Crochet you would skip 1 stitch, working into the next one. Be careful when reading your pattern. The designer may want you to put 2 stitches on your hook and work them both together.

sk

Skip

sk kt

Slip Knot. A way to attach yarn to your crochet hook.

sl st or SL ST

Slip Stitch.

sm or SM

Stitch Marker. Use something to mark your stitch while you are crocheting.

sp or sp(s)

Space or Spaces

st or st(s)

Stitch or Stitches

tch or t-ch

Turning Chain

tbl

Crochet through the Back Loop

tog

Together. Example: Single crochet 2 tog.

tr or TR
tc or TC

Triple (or Treble) Crochet. This is the same stitch with a different pronunciation.

trtr

Triple Treble Crochet. There is actually a stitch that’s called a Triple Treble Crochet. Don’t confuse this with a simple Triple Crochet stitch.

UFO

Unfinished Object

wyib

With Yarn In Back. This is primarily a knitting term, but with so many new wonderful stitch patterns coming out for crochet, the term has been adopted for crochet as well.

wyif

With Yarn In Front. This is primarily a knitting term, but with so many new wonderful stitch patterns coming out for crochet, the term has been adopted for crochet as well.

WS

Wrong Side. This refers to the back or the inside of your work.

yd or yd(s)

Yard or Yards. This is a length measurement.

yo or YO

Yarn Over.

yoh or YOH

Yarn Over Hook. This is basically just a yarn over. Some people prefer to put the H at the end.

All text and photos, on this Crochet Abbreviation webpage, are original.
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