Irish Tam Hat

The Irish Tam is a very stylish hat that you can make for St. Patricks Day or use any colors that make you happy. Tam roughly translates to 'old hat'. The style is very popular among golfers. It can be made form fitting (pictured below) which is more of the military style, or can be made loose so it hangs beautifully to one side. Add any kind of decal you like, or nothing at all. This hat is pictured with our Irish Shamrock. The Pom-Pom at the top can be large or small, and I've even seen some beautiful ones with just a button or nothing at all.

This pattern shows you how to make an Irish Tam, and continues the pattern so you can make a larger looser top as well.

Crochet An Irish Tam

Materials, Tools & Gauge for the Irish Tam

* Yarn: You will need a nice 4 ply yarn. The brand or fiber doesn't matter. Because I made this for St. Patrick's Day, I chose white and green, and used Red Heart Super Saver. White: 112 yards, Green: 30 yards.

If you are going to make a loose fit Tam naturally you will use more yarn. The amount will depend on how loose you wish to go.

* Hook: Size K/10.5 - 6.5 mm, and Size I/9 - 5.5 mm. 

* Other: Scissors, and Yarn Needle, Stitch Marker (I use a Bobby Pin). For the Pom-Pom add a Beater Blade from your Mixer.

Pom-Pom instructions can be found here:
http://www.moms-crochet.com/pom-poms.html

Shamrock instructions can be found here:
http://www.moms-crochet.com/irish-shamrock.html

* Gauge: Gauge is not important for this pattern. You will be measuring the inner rim to determine head / hat size. For size average, you can simply follow the pattern.

Irish Tam Pattern

With your K/10.5 Hook, using White: Chain (ch) 3

Round 1: 8 Single Crochet (sc) into the first chain stitch.

Work into the bottom of the stitch so it does not pull apart as you are crocheting.

While you are working fold your loose end over the chain so you crochet around it. This will 'hide' that first end and you will not have to work it in later.

Round 2: 2 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around. Total: 16 stitches

Round 3: 2 Single Crochet (sc) in every other stitch. Total: 24 stitches.

In other words; First stitch 1 single crochet, Second stitch 2 single crochet, next stitch 1 single crochet, next stitch 2 single crochet, continue to the end. At this point you will want to start marking the first stitch of each new round with your Stitch Marker (I use a Bobby Pin). It is very important to count stitches as you go.

NoteHook position is very important to keep your Irish Tam top - round. Throughout this pattern you will be asked to crochet a few stitches to move your hook position. This does not count as 'stitches' in your stitch count.

Round 4: Single Crochet (sc) 1 stitch to move your hook position. Place your Stitch Marker in this stitch, just after you do it, to mark the beginning of the round.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every third stitch. Total: 32 stitches.

In other words; 1 single crochet in the first 2 stitches, 2 single crochet in the next, 1 single crochet in the next 2 stitches, 2 single crochet in the next, continue to the end.

Round 5: Single Crochet (sc) 2 stitches to move your hook position, place your Stitch Marker.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every fourth stitch. Total: 40 stitches.

In other words; 1 single crochet in the first 3 stitches, 2 single crochet in the next, 1 single crochet in the next 3 stitches, 2 single crochet in the next, continue to the end.

Round 6: Place your stitch marker in the 1st stitch just after you do it.

1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around. Total: 40 stitches.

Round 7: Single Crochet (sc) 3 stitches to move your hook position, place your stitch marker.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every fifth stitch. Total: 48 stitches.

In other words; 1 single crochet in the first 4 stitches, 2 single crochet in the next, 1 single crochet in the next 4 stitches, 2 single crochet in the next, continue to the end.

Round 8: Place your stitch marker in the 1st stitch just after you do it.

1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around. Total: 48 stitches.

Round 9: Single Crochet (sc) 1 stitch to move your hook position, place your stitch marker.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every eighth stitch. Total: 54 stitches.

Round 10: Single Crochet (sc) 2 stitches to move your hook position, place your stitch marker.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every third stitch. Total: 72 stitches.

Round 11: Place your stitch marker in the 1st stitch just after you do it.

1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around. Total: 72 stitches.

Round 12: Single Crochet (sc) 3 stitches to move your hook position, place your stitch marker.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every sixth stitch. Total: 84 stitches.

Round 13: Place your stitch marker in the 1st stitch just after you do it.

1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around. Total: 84 stitches.

NoteFor the next round you can simply track how many times you increased.

Round 14: Place your stitch marker in the 1st stitch just after you do it.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every twenty-first stitch. ONLY increase 4 times, if you have stitches after the last increase, just stop after it. Total: 88 stitches.

Round 15: Place your stitch marker in the 1st stitch just after you do it.

1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around. Total: 88 stitches.

Round 16: Single Crochet (sc) 3 stitches to move your hook position, place your stitch marker.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every eighth stitch. Total: 99 stitches.

Round 17: Place your stitch marker in the 1st stitch just after you do it.

1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around. Total: 99 stitches.

STOP HERE for the fitted Irish Tam
Go to Rim Round 1

To make a looser / larger topped Irish Tam
Continue with Loose Round 1 Below

Loose Round 1: Single Crochet (sc) 3 stitches to move your hook position, place your stitch marker.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every tenth stitch. Total: 109 stitches.

Loose Round 2: Single Crochet (sc) 4 stitches to move your hook position, place your stitch marker.

2 Single Crochet (sc) in every tenth stitch. STOP AFTER 10 INCREASES. If you have stitches after the 10th increase, do NOT continue to crochet. Total: 119 stitches.

Loose Round 3: Place your stitch marker in the 1st stitch just after you do it.

1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around. Total: 119 stitches.

Rim Rounds

There are 2 Rim Rounds that create an even curl before you begin decreasing. If you are using one solid color simply follow the instructions without cutting your yarn.

Rim Round 1: Slip Stitch (sl st) 1 with white. Cut white and attach green.

Chain (ch) 1 (mark the chain). Continue in the same direction, 1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around.

Slip Stitch (sl st) 1 with green. Cut green and attach white.

Rim Round 2: Chain (ch) 1 (mark the chain). Continue in the same direction, 1 Single Crochet (sc) in each stitch around.

Under the Top

In this next section you will slowly decrease. For an average sized Irish Tam you can follow the instructions. However, I strongly recommend that you pause here and measure around your (or the person you are making this for) head. An Irish Tam is meant to fit around the head well.

If you are only using one color, there is no need to cut your yarn.

Begin With: Chain (ch) 1, and turn. You will now be going in the opposite direction. Mark your first stitch each time around.

If you are measuring for a perfect fit, measure around the crochet edge, each round, until you reach the desired circumference. It is highly suggested that you measure.

However, if you simply wish to make an average sized hat: For the form fitting 'Military' style, do 3 Under Rounds. For the looser fitting style, do 5 Under Rounds.

Under Rounds: Single Crochet (sc) 2 together in every 10th stitch. This decreases 1 stitch each time.

Never go past your marked stitch. If you cannot complete a decrease in the 10th stitch, stop. Move your marker, and begin your next round.

When you reach your measured circumference, (or 3 rounds for Fitted, 5 rounds for Loose) - Slip Stitch (sl st) 1.

If you are changing color again, cut the green and change to white.

The Rim

The rim of the Irish Tam is done with the basic Sweater Ribbing stitch (for more information please see: http://www.moms-crochet.com/crochet-sweater-ribbing.html)

Begin: Change color to white, Slip Stitch (sl st) 1, Change to your I/9 crochet hook.

Make sure the OUTSIDE of the hat is facing you, and Single Crochet (sc) back down the chain, 8 stitches.

Slip Stitch (sl st) 1 into the green, same space as you started.

Slip Stitch (sl st) 1 more into the green, next space.

Turn your work so the yarn you are holding wraps around and over the front.

*** Single Crochet back up to the outside,

Chain (ch) 1 and turn.

Single Crochet back down to the hat.

Slip Stitch (sl st) into the next 2 green stitches and turn so your yarn wraps around the outside. ***

Repeat the instructions between the stars (***) until you've worked all around the opening of the hat.

When your Rim meets up with your beginning,

Slip Stitch (sl st) down, on the INSIDE, from the bottom/outside to the inside/green edge.

Cut your yarn and pull it through the last loop on your hook, binding off. This will allow you to hide your ends nicely.

Pom-Pom for the Irish Tam

Full instructions for making Pom-Poms, with a Beater Blade, please see:

http://www.moms-crochet.com/pom-poms.html

To make a pom-pom for the Irish Tam you will use 2 strands of yarn together; 1 green & 1 white.

I wrapped my pom-pom (two strands together) 70 times. I wanted something a little loose looking, but still nice.

Use only one color to make your tie. I picked white as it is the same color as the top of my hat.

Tie loosely (do not knot) to take it off the beater.

Once off, tie and knot very tightly. Cut the loops, and do all the trimming you want. DO NOT CUT YOUR TIE ENDS.

Push your crochet hook up, through the hole, on the top of the hat. Loop your tie ends ...

and pull them to the inside of the hat.

Wrap each tie end around several of the center stitches. Pulling it tight as you do.

When it's secured, tie it in a tight knot.

Hide the loose ends.

For my personal design, I like my floppy pom-pom.

If you want one that's a little more dense you can wrap 80 times.

Remember that a pom-pom becomes denser the closer you trim to the center.

The Irish Tam is always worn leaning to the right. If you sew a decal on, it should be on the left.

I'm playing with PicMonkey in this picture. It's titled, "If I Were Irish". I painted some red in my hair, and tinted my eyes green. What do you think?


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