Knit Picks Mighty Stitch Yarn

Hard Crochet Coasters:
Hard Crochet Lesson 1

Hard Crochet Coasters is an easy beginning pattern to practice the technique of Hard Crochet. The technique creates a wonderful, very stiff, fabric which is perfect for purses, hats, and even toys (Amigurumi uses this technique).

If you haven't seen the lesson yet, please start there.

     However, there are a few little quirks that a person needs to learn and practice. You’ll see the 2 main quirks in this pattern.

1) Because Hard Crochet tends to hold it’s shape, you’ll actually watch as your fingers will cause the disk to look misshapen. Most of the time this is simply corrected by flattening it back out. Then it will hold that shape until you start crocheting again.
2) Do you knit? If so you know that all purl or all knit stitches on one side tends to curl. As Hard Crochet grows larger (like in the coasters) it will also tend to curl. It curls because of the tight stitches all going in one direction. One way to counter this is by using an edging. This pattern will show you two easy edgings to apply.

I would like to thank Nancy for contacting me concerning some mistakes in the pattern. What a blessing, to know such dedicated Crocheters. Thank you, Nancy.

FULL PATTERN UPDATE AS OF JANUARY 2018



Materials, Tools, Gauge and Information for Hard Crochet Coasters

     In Mr. Dittrick’s book, “Hard Crochet” you will learn that he used a very rough yarn (rug yarn) that was made of modacrylic. However, with today’s improvements in materials you can use many standard worsted weight yarns. So although it’s not fireproof (as modacrylic is treated to be), you also won’t require band-aids just to make beautiful items. There are some Hard Crochet patterns that will require special yarn, but coasters can just use what you have around the house.

Abbreviations

CH = Chain
Sl St = Slip Stitch
Rnd = Round
SC = Single Crochet
BLSC = Back Loop Single Crochet
DC = Double Crochet
BLDC = Back Loop Double Crochet

Yarn: This pattern plays with Red Heart Super Saver. As long as you have purchased the yarn after 1990, the yarn is okay to use.
Amounts: About 21 yards per coaster (0.4 oz)

Hook: C 2.75 mm. For Single Crochet finishing you’ll need to change to an E 3.50 mm.

Other: Scissors, Yarn Needle (to hide loose ends), stitch marker.

Gauge: Between 6 and 6.5 stitches per inch, that's 24 - 26 stitches per 4 inches. Use Single Crochet to check your gauge.

Pattern For the Inner Circle of the Hard Crochet Coasters

With your C hook, and the color you are using for the inside disk,

CH 2

Rnd 1: 8 SC in the first chain.

Note: As you come to the loose end of yarn, crochet over and around it to bury it in the disk. This hides the first loose end.


Rnd 2: Continue crocheting around the loose end, either until you’ve reached the end of it, or until the end of the round. When done you can just snip the end and it’s hidden and secure.
2 SC in each stitch around. Total 16 stitches

Rnd 3: 1 SC in the 1st stitch, 2 SC in the next stitch (in other words, 2 SC in every other stitch). Total 24 stitches.

Rnd 4: ~SC forward 1 stitch~ 1 SC in 2 stitches, 2 SC in the next stitch (in other words, 2 SC in every 3rd stitch). Total 32 stitches.

NOTE: From this point on it’s a good idea to mark your first stitch. Make it a point to mark the 1st stitch just after you do it. That way you will always know where the round ends without having to remove the stitch marker.

Rnd 5: ~SC forward 2 stitches~ AFTER that mark your first stitch. 1 SC in 3 stitches, 2 SC in the next stitch (in other words, 2 SC in every 4th stitch). Total 40 stitches.

     These 2 pictures of hard crochet coasters show what your disk may look like (see left picture). It’s what Hard Crochet does - holds its shape. Just flatten it out (see right picture) and keep crocheting. It's your fingers, while you crochet, that are ‘shaping’ it. But don’t worry, it won’t look wonky when you’re done.

Rnd 6: Mark your 1st stitch. 1 SC in each stitch around. Total 40 stitches.

Rnd 7: Mark your 1st stitch. 1 SC in 4 stitches, 2 SC in the next (Or, 2 SC in every 5th stitch). Total 48 stitches.

Rnd 8: ~SC forward 2 stitches~ Mark your 1st stitch. 1 SC in 5 stitches, 2 SC in the next (Or, 2 SC in every 6th stitch). Total 56 stitches.

Rnd 9: ~SC forward 3 stitches~ Mark your 1st stitch. 1 SC in 6 stitches, 2 SC in the next (Or, 2 SC in every 7th stitch). Total 64 stitches.

Rnd 10: ~SC forward 4 stitches~ Mark your 1st stitch. 1 SC in 7 stitches, 2 SC in the next (Or, 2 SC in every 8th stitch). Total 72 stitches.

If you are going to use the same color for your hard crochet coasters edging, slip stitch (sl st) 2 and skip down to the edging directions.

Circle Join

The Circle Join is a new addition to the Hard Crochet Coaster pattern. It creates a much more professional finished looking circle. It will also help the edgings sit straighter. The Circle Join is a historical technique that was originally used to create elaborate tapestry designs in a circle. For some reason the technique has almost been lost. I did a video teaching this. If you decide to watch the video all you will really need to watch is the first part as that’s all we’re using here.

Circle Join Video

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=d-LOJQb7xEg&t=6s

After you’ve done your last stitch of Rnd 10 pull your yarn out a little forming a larger loop (about an inch is good).

Then remove your hook.

Insert your hook back into your work from the back of the circle to the front.

MAKE SURE your yarn is BEHIND your hook.

Fold the loop you made over the front of the hook.

Pull the loop tight on your hook. This brings the rows together.

Pull the loop through to the back.

When you begin working again it’s important to remember that you MUST chain 1 to begin. However, don’t do that just yet.

Important Note About Crochet Edgings

It's your choice if you wish to change colors or not. However, the edging IS IMPORTANT to keep the hard crochet coasters laying flat. If you skip the edging the ends will tend to curl.

I’ve updated the Hard Crochet Coasters pattern to include two edging choices. One is done with Single Crochet (if you don’t want a fancy edge) and gives the coasters a bit of a masculine look. The other is done with grouped Double Crochet stitches giving the coasters a bit of a feminine appearance. Both will solve the Hard Crochet tendency to curl at the edge.

Color Change for Hard Crochet Coasters

If you decide not to change colors, just skip this color change part of the instructions.

AFTER you’ve done the circle join, and on the back of the coaster, simply cut the color you’re using, and tie on the next color.

It’s important to leave long tail ends (about 3 - 4 inches) so you can thread a yarn needle and hide them in the work. As you are weaving the loose ends into the work you’ll be able to snuggle the knot down into the disk. That way you won’t have a lump.

Turn your work back to face you and continue with the edging you want.

Single Crochet Edging

With the right side of your work facing you. Change to an E 3.5 mm hook.

CH 1

Start in the stitch just below your circle join. BACK LOOP only.

1 BLSC in each stitch around (no need to count stitches).

At the end Sl St connect to the 1st stitch you did. This is your bind off.

Cut your yarn leaving a 3 - 4 inch tail end to thread a yarn needle to hide it. While you are hiding your end you can pull the slip stitch down closer to the edge, making it look closer and finished.

Double Crochet Edging

With the right side of your work facing you, CH 3.

Do NOT change hook sizes.

Start in the stitch just below your circle join. BACK LOOP only. Do 2 more BLDC in the same stitch.

Skip 2 ‘disk’ stitches, 3 BLDC in the next. Repeat this all the way around. At the end Sl St connect to the 1st stitch you did. Be careful to catch the stitch, and not the chain. This is your bind off.

Cut your yarn leaving a 3 - 4 inch tail end to thread a yarn needle to hide it. While you are hiding your end you can pull the slip stitch down closer to the edge, making it look closer and finished.


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All text and photos, of this Hard Crochet Coasters Pattern, are original.
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